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Education

1. Education Mission StatementBack to top

ADAMS  Education Training

To provide all members of the sporting community with the opportunity to develop the necessary knowledge, skills and attitude to promote and protect Bermuda’s integrity.

Overview:
Education encompasses awareness, information services, resources (athlete leaflets)  and education workshops. Elite, National and Domestic athletes must be informed of the requirements so that they can understand and comply with the Rules. The education programme conducted by BSADA is focused on ensuring that all athletes and support staff have a clear understanding of their rights and responsibilities. 

Through an array of programmes and initiatives, the education team delivers, informs and promotes values based programme incorporating Character Counts; 100% Me (UKAD).  From supporting teams heading to a major festival such as the Olympics, to a team of Under 13 rugby or cricket, to helping athletes submit and manage whereabouts, to educating athletes on the Prohibited List and the health risks associated with using supplements and banned items on the Prohibited List to the how to identify a need for a TUE.  We work to nurture and influence athletes to achieve a complete understanding of the strict liability imposed on them.

Communication and working with key support personnel such as NSGB’s management and coaches, medical professionals, and school PhysEd and Health teachers ensures success as we all work together to see our athletes achieve greater results through hard work, proper nutrition and sound decisions.  We use a number of WADA tool kits to deliver services to this target audience.

Nurturing:
The Bermuda sports community must achieve greater pride in achieving a clean image and BSADA seeks to instill this culture at all levels of sport. Several initiatives will be created that are aimed at building a community of clean athletes who feel supported and encouraged to compete to the best of their ability and to act as promoters of the future of Bermuda’s participation in worldwide sport.

Education and awareness initiatives are provided for:
Individuals – athletes, support personnel, parents, students, educators, general community
Groups – sporting groups, clubs and teams, schools, community groups and associations
Organisations – NSGB’s; Games Associations; Olympic & Paralympic participants

Preventing doping in sport involves raising awareness of the pertinent issues and concerns, disseminating relevant and accurate information, and positively influencing beliefs, attitudes and behaviors.  Ideally a reliable doping control process would be in place to deter and detect the use of prohibited substances and methods.  To effectively address these various dimensions, an informational and education programme must be a continuous process guided by both long-term strategy plans and annual activity planning.

Education is one of the most important factors to achieving successful outcomes.  This involves raising awareness of the pertinent issues and concerns, disseminating relevant and accurate information, and positively influencing beliefs, attitudes and behaviours.  Ideally a reliable doping control process is in place to deter and detect the use of illicit substances, prohibited substances and methods.  To effectively address these various dimensions, an information and education programme must be a continuous process guided by both long-term strategy plans and annual activity planning

The above represents the broad parameters of our Education Programme that we hope will advise, inform and translate into actions and behaviors that will herald the benefits of clean sport, but more importantly will convey the message that doping is cheating and contrary to the spirit of sport. Bermuda like many countries around the world is committed to ensure that our athletes compete in the spirit which is intended by the privilege provided by the sport experience, and will do our part to ensure that our athletes, officials and the community are informed about the substances that are banned from sport and those behaviors and practices that will bring dishonor to the athlete, their NSGB’s, their families and of course to Bermuda.

Delivery Model:
We have many tools and resources available to us and In our effort to ensure quality delivery of all our programmes, BSADA has a three prong approach to education and awareness service delivery. 
Design and delivery - based on the request, we ensure that the delivery of information is exactly as required and meets the needs of the target audience.  This includes hand outs, videos, presentation content etc.
Evaluation and reporting – We use pre and post data collections as well as surveys and workshop evaluations to determine whether or not we met the needs of the target audience. This provides us with a fair snapshot of how well the education session has prepared learners for anti doping and provided them with the tools to make good decisions.
Analyse - Using a Performance Quality Improvement approach, we can identify the strengths and shortfalls of of education and makes recommendations for improvement.


2. BSADA Education Service GridBack to top

Bermuda Sports Anti Doping Authority Education Service Grid

BSADA DOMESTIC LEVEL EDUCATION BSADA INTERNATIONAL LEVEL EDUCATION BSADA ELITE LEVEL EDUCATION
Athletes:
  • BSADA Domestic Testing Programme
  • Pre-Event
  • Random
  • Over the counter meds + supplements
  • Domestic testing procedures
  • Consequences and results management
  • Introduction to doping control

Athletes:

  • BSADA Domestic Testing Programme
  • Pre-Event
  • Random
  • Introduction to Prohibited substances and supplements
  • Introduction to TUE’s
  • Checking meds and supplements
  • Domestic and Elite Testing procedures
  • Introduction to whereabouts

Athletes:

  • BSADA Domestic Testing Programme
  • Pre-Event
  • Random
  • Prohibited substances and supplements
  • TUE’s
  • Checking meds and supplements
  • Domestic and Elite Testing procedures
  • Whereabouts

Coaches and Athlete Support Personnel:

  • BSADA Coaches workshop
  • WADA Coaches toolkit – Overview of anti-doping for youth and recreational level coaches
  • UKAD/BSADA Tutor Accreditation

Coaches and Athlete Support Personnel:

  • BSADA Coaches workshop
  • WADA Coaches toolkit – Overview of anti-doping for elite level coaches
  • UKAD/BSADA Tutor Accreditation

Coaches and Athlete Support Personnel:

  • BSADA Coaches workshop
  • WADA Coaches toolkit – Overview of anti-doping for elite level coaches
  • UKAD/BSADA Tutor Accreditation

National Federation

  • The BSADA Coaches Workshop has been integrated into the Bermuda Football Association’s ‘D’ license coach’s course having been previously approved by FIFA. All coaches taking this course are mandated to attend this module that is presented by the BSADA
PEK

Schools:

  • Introduction of teachers toolkit
  • Introduced WADA children’s adventure reading books into all public and private schools
  • The BSADA plans to introduce the CESEP arts programme into Bermuda’s public school system.

Schools:

  • Introduction of teachers toolkit
  • Introduced WADA children’s adventure reading books into all public and private schools
  • The BSADA plans to introduce the CESEP arts programme into Bermuda’s public school system.

Schools:

  • Introduction of teachers toolkit
  • Introduced WADA children’s adventure reading books into all public and private schools
  • The BSADA plans to introduce the CESEP arts programme into Bermuda’s public school system.

Community Partnership:

  • Partnership with local social service agencies to provide sports related, and general, drug information to young athletes through interactive, fun presentations.
  • Partnership with community resources aimed at strengthening the structure and environment of Bermuda’s sports clubs
Domestic-Illicit-Kit

Public Awareness:

  • BSADA Awareness/Public Information table at sporting and public events

Public Awareness:

  • BSADA Awareness/Public Information table at sporting and public events
  • WADA Outreach at major sporting events

Public Awareness:

  • WADA Outreach at major sporting events

Athlete Resource Centre
Our resource centre is located in our office and contains:

  • Web access to research medications, supplements etc.
  • Copies of the BSADA anti-doping policies and procedures on all BSADA programmes.
  • Hand outs and information sheets relating to anti-doping
  • Examples of products that may or may not contain prohibited substances.

Athlete Resource Centre
Our resource centre is located in our office and contains:

  • Web access to research medications, supplements etc.
  • Copies of the BSADA anti-doping policies and procedures on all BSADA programmes.
  • Hand outs and information sheets relating to anti-doping
  • Examples of products that may or may not contain prohibited substances.

Athlete Resource Centre
Our resource centre is located in our office and contains:

  • Web access to research medications, supplements etc.
  • Copies of the BSADA anti-doping policies and procedures on all BSADA programmes.
  • Hand outs and information sheetsrelating to anti-doping
  • Examples of products that may or may not contain prohibited substances.

BSADA Website – www.bsada.org
Our website contains readily available information for Bermuda’s sporting community including:

  • BSADA anti-doping policies and procedures
  • Whereabouts form that can be completed and submitted on line
  • Information and advisories relating to anti-doping

Please note that we are currently upgrading our website

BSADA Website – www.bsada.org
Our website contains readily available information for Bermuda’s sporting community including:

  • BSADA anti-doping policies and procedures
  • Whereabouts form that can be completed and submitted on line
  • Information and advisories relating to anti-doping

Please note that we are currently upgrading our website.

BSADA Website – www.bsada.org
Our website contains readily available information for Bermuda’s sporting community including:

  • BSADA anti-doping policies and procedures
  • Whereabouts form that can be completed and submitted on line
  • Information and advisories relating to anti-doping

Please note that we are currently upgrading our website


3. Health Consequences of DopingBack to top

Health Consequences of Doping

It is very difficult to determine the exact side effects that a substance or a method or combination thereof may have on an athlete who is doping.This is partly because:

  • the relevant studies cannot be conducted on individuals without a therapeutic reason to do so;
  • the substances or methods used by doping athletes are usually developed for patients with well-defined disease conditions and are not intended for use by healthy people;
  • volunteers in a therapeutic study are unlikely to be subjected to the same conditions of administration and dosage of a substance and/or method as those of an athlete who is doping;
  • athletes who use prohibited substances often take them in significantly larger doses, and more frequently, than these substances would be prescribed for therapeutic purposes, and often use them in combination with other substances;
  • and substances that are sold to athletes as performance enhancers are often manufactured illegally and may therefore contain impurities or additives, which can cause serious health problems or may even be fatal.

Because the many combinations and/or doses of performance enhancing substances used by doping athletes have never undergone official trials, for an athlete to acquiesce to doping is to accept being a guinea pig and to risk adverse effects of unknown nature and unknown gravity. The adverse effects outlined in this document are likely to be the very least of those that may be expected.The actual adverse effects and side effects of using large doses and drugs in combination with others are likely to be much more severe and serious.Using combinations of several drugs means not simply adding but compounding the risks.

Since hormones play multiple roles in the human organism’s regulatory functions, the non-therapeutic use of any type of hormone risks creating an imbalance that affects several functions, and not only the function that is usually directly concerned by the given hormone.

Additional health risks are present when the use of substances or methods involves injections.Non-sterile injection techniques, including sharing possibly contaminated needles can increase the risk of transmission of infectious diseases such as hepatitis and HIV/AIDS.

Finally, use of any substance may also lead to addiction, whether psychological or physiological.

For more information on the below substances, please click the substance title.

Agents with Anti-Oestrogenic Activity
Side effects of the use of compounds with anti-oestrogenic activity include:
hot flushes osteoporosis
weight gain eye disorders
fluid retention liver toxicity
cardiovascular disorders such as thrombosis (blood clots), hyperlipidemia (excess fat in the blood)
Alcohol
Alcohol can increase self confidence, which may result in the person taking risks that he/she would not normally take.This could place both the subject and other persons around him/her at risk.

Furthermore, continued alcohol consumption can lead to:
vomiting incontinence
slurred speech sleepiness
double vision shallow breathing
memory and comprehension loss sexual disorders
liver damage addiction
impaired judgement, co-ordination and reactions
Anabolic Androgenic Steroids
 
The use of anabolic androgenic steroids can have serious effects on a person’s health.The list of potential side effects is long and varied. Many of the reported side effects are reversible if the person stops using anabolic steroids; however, those indicated by an asterisk (*) in the table below may be permanent depending on dosage or duration of use. Anabolic steroids mimic naturally occurring hormones; they can therefore interfere with normal hormone function.

They may result in harmful side effects such as:
increased risk of liver disease high blood pressure increased risk of cardiovascular disease
psychological dependence increased risk of contracting infectious diseases such as hepatitis and HIV/AIDS  
Also In Males: Also In Females: Also In Adolescents:
acne shrinking of the testicles*
reduced sperm production*
impotence*
infertility
enlarged prostate gland
breast enlargement
premature baldness
potential kidney and liver dysfunction*
increased aggression and mood swings
libido disorders
acne development of male features deepening of the voice*
excessive hair growth on the face and body*
abnormal menstrual cycles enlarged clitoris*
increased aggression and mood swings
foetal damage
alteration of libido
severe acne on the face and body
premature puberty
stunted growth as a result of premature closure of the growth plates of the bones
Artificial Oxygen Carriers
The harmful side effects of artificial oxygen carriers can be extremely serious, particularly as it is difficult to measure correct doses of these chemicals.
Side effects of perfluorocarbons include:
a transient fever irritability
reduction in platelet count diarrhoea
blood infection (if preparations are impure) stroke
potential overloading of the white blood cells embolism (blocked blood vessel).
Possible side effects of haemoglobin based oxygen carriers include:
high blood pressure kidney damage
vasoconstriction (constriction of the blood vessels) iron overload
Beta Blockers
Side effects of using beta blockers include:
lowered blood pressure and slow heart rate spasm of the airways
sleep disorders -heart failure
sexual dysfunction depression
feelings of tiredness and decreased performance capacity in endurance activities constriction of blood vessels in the arms and legs
Beta2 Agonists
Possible side effects of beta2 agonists include:
palpitations muscle cramps
headaches dizziness
nausea mood disorders
sweating
Blood Doping
Blood doping carries dangerous health risks including:
jaundice blood clots, stroke or heart failure
circulatory overload metabolic shock
increased risk of contracting infectious diseases such as hepatitis and HIV/AIDS allergic reactions (ranging from rash or fever to kidney damage) if wrong blood type is used
septicaemia (blood poisoning)
Cannabinoids
Effects of cannabinoids may include: Long-term marijuana use may result in:
state similar to drunkenness; loss of perception of time and space; drowsiness and hallucinations; reduced vigilance; balance and co-ordination; reduced ability to perform complex tasks ;loss of concentration; increased heart rate; increased appetite; mood instability – rapid changes from euphoria to depression loss of attention and motivation; impaired memory and learning abilities; weakening of the immune system; respiratory diseases such as lung and throat cancer and chronic bronchitis psychological dependence
Corticotrophins
The short-term side effects of ACTH use include:
stomach irritation irritability
ulcers infections
Other side effects may include:
softening of the connective tissue osteoporosis
high blood sugar (hyperglycaemia) cataracts
reduced resistance to infections water retention
weakening of an injured area in muscles, bones, tendons or ligaments
Diuretics
Some of the side effects of the use of diuretics include:
dizziness or even fainting loss of co-ordination and balance
dehydration confusion, mental changes or moodiness
muscle cramps cardiac disorders
drop in blood pressure
Erythropoietin (EPO)
There are some serious health risks associated with use of EPO such as:
thickened blood
increased risk of blood clots, stroke and heart attacks
increased risk of contracting infectious diseases such as hepatitis and HIV/AIDS
risk of developing, as an autoimmune reaction, EPO antibodies that can definitively destroy the EPO that is produced naturally by the body
Gene Doping
Since most gene transfer technologies are still in experimental phases, the long-term effects of altering the body’s genetic material are unknown, although several deaths have already occurred during experimentation.

Some of the potential side effects of gene doping are:
cancer development
metabolic deregulations
allergy
Glucocorticosteroids
When administered into the blood stream, glucocorticosteroids have numerous side effects, involving different body systems.

Possible side effects of large doses of glucocorticosteroids include:
fluid retention loss of muscle mass
increased susceptibility to infection heartburn, regurgitation and gastric ulcers
osteoporosis (abnormal loss of bone tissue resulting in fragile porous bones) softening of connective tissue (such as tendons and ligaments)
weakening of injured areas in muscle, bone, tendon or ligament alteration to the walls of blood vessels, which could result in formation of blood clots
disorders of the nervous system, such as convulsions and muscle cramps psychiatric disorders, such as changes in mood and insomnia
decrease in or cessation of growth in young people
Gonadotrophins
As hCG stimulates the production of testosterone, the side effects can be similar to those experienced from anabolic steroid use.

Other side effects of gonadotrophins use include:
bone and joint pain gastrointestinal problems
hot flushes irregular heart beats
decrease in libido shortness of breath
impotence loss of appetite
allergic reactions and rash depression
nausea, dizziness tiredness
headaches rapid increase in height
irritability
Growth Hormone and Insulin-Like Growth Factor
There are dangerous side-effects related to the use of these substances including:
tremors, sweat, anxiety muscle, joint and bone pain
worsening of cardiovascular diseases hypertension
increasing development of tumors fluid retention
cardiomegaly (abnormal enlargement of the heart) diabetes in individuals who may already be prone to the disease
accelerated osteoarthritis (chronic breakdown of cartilage in the joints) gigantism in young people (excessive growth of the skeleton)
acromegaly in adults (distorted growth of internal organs, bones and facial features and the enlargement and thickening of fingers, toes, ears and skin)
Insulin
The side effects of insulin use for non-medical purposes are severe and include low blood sugar (hypoglycaemia), which in turn may cause::
shaking drowsiness
nausea pancreas disease
weakness coma
shortness of breath brain damage and death
Narcotics
The use of narcotics to reduce or eliminate pain can be dangerous as the substance is merely hiding the pain.With the false sense of security caused by narcotics, the user may ignore a potentially serious injury, and continue activity, risking further damage or causing permanent damage.Apart from the risk of further or permanent damage, narcotics can have other dangerous side effects such as:
slowed breathing rate euphoria
decreased heart rate nausea and vomiting
sleepiness constipation
loss of balance, co-ordination and concentration physical and psychological dependence, leading to addiction
suppression of the respiratory system and death
Stimulants
The use of certain stimulants can cause serious cardiovascular and psychological problems, as well as various other side effects, such as:
overheating of the body visual disorders
dry mouth problems with co-ordination and balance
increased and irregular heart rate anxiety and aggression
increased blood pressure insomnia
dehydration weight loss
increased risk of stroke, cardiac arrhythmia and heart attack tremors (involuntary trembling or shaking)

Stimulant use can also result in dependence and addiction.

4. INADO Urges Action to Protect Clean Sport - Independent Commission Report- RussiaBack to top

Click here to read iNADO_Urges_Action_to_Protect_Clean_Sport_(Media_Release)1.pdf


News

SANCTION ANNOUNCEMENTArticle added on 01/24/2017

Bermuda Sport Anti-Doping Authority has issued a sanction for Javaughn Dill an athlete in the sport of bodybuilding as a direct result of testing positive for a prohibited substance.  He has received a four-year ban for presence of a prohibited substance (ADR2.1) as listed in the 2015 World Anti-Doping Code.

Bermuda Sport Anti-Doping Authority is responsible for all testing and results management process for sport in Bermuda including the Night of Champions.

Mr. Dill was selected for testing during the Night of Champions which took place on August 13, 2016.  The sample was collected under the direction of Bermuda Sport Anti-Doping Authority.

Mr. Dill tested positive for Methandienone metabolites an exogeneous Anabolic Agent in addition to Methylhexeanamine and Oxilofrine which are specified stimulants which are all listed on WADA’s Prohibited List.

In response to BSADA’s notification of the adverse analytical finding, Mr. Dill has waived his right to a hearing, acknowledged the anti-doping rule violation and accepted his sanction. His period of ineligibility commenced on September 14, 2016 and concludes on September 13, 2020. 

Mr. Dill is ineligible to represent Bermuda Body Building Federation or any other National Sports Governing Body in any international or national level event.  Bermuda Sport Anti-Doping Authority is dedicated to ensuring athletes are continually afforded the opportunity to compete in a clean environment.  The integrity of sport should never be compromised.


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